Oracle vm virtualbox что
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Oracle vm virtualbox что

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Welcome to!

VirtualBox is a powerful x86 and AMD64/Intel64 virtualization product for enterprise as well as home use. Not only is VirtualBox an extremely feature rich, high performance product for enterprise customers, it is also the only professional solution that is freely available as Open Source Software under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL) version 3. See «About VirtualBox» for an introduction.

Presently, VirtualBox runs on Windows, Linux, macOS, and Solaris hosts and supports a large number of guest operating systems including but not limited to Windows (NT 4.0, 2000, XP, Server 2003, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10), DOS/Windows 3.x, Linux (2.4, 2.6, 3.x and 4.x), Solaris and OpenSolaris, OS/2, and OpenBSD.

VirtualBox is being actively developed with frequent releases and has an ever growing list of features, supported guest operating systems and platforms it runs on. VirtualBox is a community effort backed by a dedicated company: everyone is encouraged to contribute while Oracle ensures the product always meets professional quality criteria.

What Is VirtualBox?

Oracle VM VirtualBox is a free and open-source hosted hypervisor for x86 virtualization, developed by Oracle Corporation. It can be used as the other option of Qubes. Virtualization can be used to run different operating system(s) inside one computer.


Open the website of VirtualBox. Go to in your computer’s Internet browser. This is the website from which you’ll download the VirtualBox setup file.

Click on the “Download VirtualBox” button. Doing so will open the downloads page.

Click on your operating system. You’ll see the list of operating systems below the «VirtualBox [Version] platform packages» heading.


After clicking on the operating system, the .exe file will begin downloading.

You can also verify the downloaded .exe file by using Quickhash.

Open the VirtualBox .exe file. Go to the location to which the .exe file was downloaded and double-click the file. Doing so will open the VirtualBox installation window.

Navigate through the installation prompts.
Do the following:

• Click Next on the first three pages.
• Click Yes when prompted.
• Click Install.
• Click Yes when prompted.
• Click Install when prompted.

Click “Finish” when prompted. Doing so will close the installation window and open VirtualBox. Now that you’ve installed and opened VirtualBox, you can create a virtual machine in order to run any operating system inside your PC.

Creating Virtual Machines:

Gather your installation disc(s) or files. When creating a virtual machine, you will need to install the operating system just like you would on a regular computer. This means that you will need the installation disc(s) for the operating system that you want to install on the virtual machine.

You can download the installation disc(s) by going to the official website of the operating system.

Note: The installation steps are only recommended for those OSs that do not have an installation guide, if your OS has an installation guide then follow that guide.

Click “New”. This will open the wizard that will guide you through the process to create your first virtual machine.

Identify the operating system. On the first screen of the wizard, you will be asked to give the new virtual machine a name as well as choose what operating system you will be installing. Choose the type of operating system from the «Type» menu, and then choose which version you are installing from the «Version» menu.

• For example, if you are installing Windows 7, choose «Microsoft Windows» from the Type menu, and then «Windows 7» from the Version menu.

• If you are installing the 64-bit version of the operating system, make sure to choose the 64-bit version from the Version menu.

Set the amount of RAM. You will need to designate how much of your computer’s RAM will be allocated to your virtual machine. VirtualBox will automatically choose the recommended minimum amount for the operating system you selected, but you can increase or decrease this if you’d like.

• You can only go as high as the amount of RAM physically installed in your system.
• It is not recommended that you set it to the maximum amount, as there won’t be any RAM left for your host operating system to use when the virtual machine is running.

After allocating the RAM, click on the «Next» button.

Create a virtual hard drive. Select a virtual hard drive option and then click on the «Create» button, then click through the prompts and then click on the «Create» button again. Your virtual machine will need a virtual hard drive in order to install the operating system and to install programs on the operating system.

• Make sure that the virtual hard drive has at least enough space to install the operating system. Check the specifications for your virtual operating system to see how much space you should allocate.
• Remember that any programs you install will also take up space on your virtual hard drive, so plan accordingly.
• The most common format for virtual hard drives is VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image).

Start the operating system installation. Once the virtual machine has been configured, the wizard will close and you will be taken back to the VirtualBox main window. Double-click your new machine in the left menu, then do one of the following:

• If you are installing from a disc, insert it into your computer, click the «Host drive» drop-down box and click on the correct drive letter from the drop-down menu.
• If you are installing from an image file, click the folder-shaped icon to browse through your computer for the installation image file, or you can do the same steps after starting the virtual machine.
• It is recommended to install the virtual machine from an image file.

Click on the “Start” button.

Install the operating system. After selecting the installation disc(s), the installation will begin.


Starting & Shutting Down VMs:

Starting VMs:

Select the VM and then click on the “Start” button.

Shutting Down VMs:

You have a couple of different options when closing your virtual machine, and each will affect the machine slightly differently. When you click on the «X» icon present on the upper-right corner of the window, you will be presented with several options: ·

Save the machine state — This will save the virtual machine in exactly the state that it’s in when you close it. Any programs you are running will be saved in their current state, and everything will be restored when you start the machine again.

Send the shutdown signal — This will send a power-down signal to the virtual machine, and it will shut down as if the power button was pressed on a physical computer.

Power off the machine — This will power down the machine as if the power was cut to the computer. Nothing will be saved.


Taking & Restoring Snapshots:

Taking Snapshots:

VirtualBox allows you to copy your virtual machine’s exact state, allowing you to return to that state at any time. This is incredibly useful for testing software or other configurations.

To take a snapshot, click on the 3 lines present beside VM (whose snapshot you want to take), and then select “Snapshots”, select “Current state” and then click on the “Take” button to take the snapshot of the current VM state.

Restoring Snapshots:

To restore a snapshot, click on the 3 lines present beside VM (whose snapshot you want to restore), and then select “Snapshots”, select the state which you want to restore, and then click on the “Restore” button to restore the snapshot of the chosen VM state.


Transferring Files From The Host OS To The VM & Vice Versa:

There is a feature in VirtualBox which allows you to transfer files from the host OS to the VM & Vice Versa, but I personally think that, this feature shouldn’t be used, because if someone manages to hack your VM, then the hacker will also be able to access the host OS, so I think that it’s better to transfer files via e-mail services like Gmail, hotmail etc.

Oracle VM VirtualBox

Oracle VM VirtualBox — самое популярное в мире кросс-платформенное ПО для виртуализации с открытым кодом — позволяет разработчикам быстрее поставлять код за счет возможности запускать на одном устройстве несколько операционных систем. ИТ-департаменты и поставщики решений используют VirtualBox для снижения операционных затрат и сокращения сроков, необходимых для безопасного развертывания приложений в локальных средах и в облаке.

Узнайте, как Вы можете ускорить свои DevOps-процессы с помощью Oracle VM VirtualBox, посмотрев это короткое анимированное видео.

Прочитайте эту бесплатную электронную книгу, чтобы узнать, как ускорить поставку кода, использовать встроенное шифрование, автоматизировать создание виртуальных машин и автоматизировать развертывание в облаке.

В новой версии добавлен ряд функций, среди которых интеграция с Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI), улучшенная поддержка 3D, автоматизированный компоновщик виртуальных машин (VM) и возможность полного шифрования VM.

Возможности Oracle VM VirtualBox

Упрощение эксплуатации
Сокращение затрат на ИТ

Кросс-платформенное ПО для виртуализации с открытым кодом и низкими накладными расходами снижает операционные затраты ИТ-отделов за счет уменьшения количества необходимых конфигураций рабочих станций и серверов.

Запуск на любом настольном компьютере

ИТ-команды могут запускать на хосте с любой операционной системой (ОС) архитектуры x86 одно решение, способное поддерживать широкий спектр версий ОС на виртуальных машинах (ВМ), и тем самым радикально упрощать свои среды разработки. Среди поддерживаемых хостовых операционных систем — Windows, Linux и macOS.

Быстрое принятие

Благодаря удобному графическому интерфейсу и мощной командной строке разработчики легко могут работать с несколькими операционными системами с одного компьютера. Консолидация рабочих нагрузок с помощью VirtualBox дает возможность запускать рабочие нагрузки практически любых масштабов: количество виртуальных ЦП может составлять до 32.

Автоматизация развертываний в облаке
Быстрые и простые развертывания

Используя в сочетании с VirtualBox боксы Vagrant, ИТ-команды могут легко подготавливать ВМ для разработки с предварительно настроенным ПО Oracle и автоматизировать процесс выпуска кода в рабочую среду.

Отправка в Oracle Cloud одним нажатием кнопки

Благодаря встроенному графическому интерфейсу разработчики легко могут импортировать и экспортировать виртуальные машины в стандартном формате OVF как в локальных средах, так и в облаке. При работе с Oracle Cloud Infrastructure для отправки или загрузки виртуальной машины достаточно одного нажатия кнопки.

Ускорение контроля качества, тестирования и подготовки демонстраций
Рационализация тестирования

Специалисты по контролю качества ПО могут использовать одно физическое устройство для тестирования продуктов на нескольких платформах и версиях ОС, снижая тем самым как сложность своих сред, так и потребность в ресурсах.

Улучшение поддержки клиентов

Специалисты служб поддержки могут легко воссоздавать различные клиентские среды на одной системе, а значит, быстрее разрешать проблемы пользователей.

Запуск старых приложений на новом оборудовании

VirtualBox позволяет продлить срок службы старых приложений, позволяя запускать их на современном аппаратном обеспечении.

Создание многоуровневых демонстраций на одном устройстве

Специалисты по продажам могут легко демонстрировать потенциальным клиентам сложные, многоуровневые решения, используя предупакованные среды с несколькими виртуальными машинами и сетевыми топологиями прямо на своих ноутбуках.

Безопасный доступ к приложениям для удаленных сотрудников
Защита приложений с ограниченным доступом

VirtualBox облегчает распространение настольных образов критических приложений с ограниченным доступом среди удаленных сотрудников в ситуациях, когда VPN-подключения недостаточно. Это позволяет организациям повысить безопасность, реализуя доступ на основе ролей к наборам данных внутри таких приложений.

Зашифрованные рабочие области

VirtualBox обеспечивает безопасность подключений к приложениям с ограниченным доступом за счет использования 256-разрядных ключей шифрования, гарантируя, что пользователи не смогут загружать или сохранять данные на удаленных устройствах. Это дает ИТ-руководителям возможность сэкономить время и деньги на пересмотре архитектуры приложений с ограниченным доступом, но в то же время обеспечить соответствие требованиям к удаленному доступу для этих приложений.

Лицензирование и поддержка
Базовый пакет

Базовый пакет, лицензируемый по GPL v2, позволяет разработчикам легко разрабатывать и тестировать кросс-платформенные приложения с использованием основных функций Oracle VM VirtualBox, включая следующие:

— кросс-платформенные гостевые и хостовые системы;
— миграция виртуальных машин между хостами без прекращения работы;
— до 32 виртуальных ЦП;
— поддержка формата OVF.

Пакет расширений

Пакет расширений, лицензируемый по VirtualBox Personal Use and Evaluation License (PUEL), позволяет консолидировать больше рабочих нагрузок за счет доступа к дополнительным возможностям, включая следующие:

— виртуальные USB-устройства;
— поддержка VirtualBox Remote Desktop Protocol (VRDP);
— проброс веб-камер и PCI-устройств на хостовой системе;
— загрузочное ПЗУ Intel PXE;
— шифрование образов дисков;
— интеграция с Oracle Cloud Infrastructure.

Oracle VM VirtualBox Enterprise

Для оптимизации своих операций организации могут приобрести Oracle VM VirtualBox Enterprise. Этот пакет включает в себя коммерческие лицензии и техническую поддержку, а именно:

— круглосуточная поддержка базового пакета и пакета расширений специалистами Oracle;
— возможность использования множественных подключений к удаленному рабочего столу (VRDP) на виртуальных машинах;
— удобное централизованное отслеживание загрузки пакетов расширений VirtualBox и контроль соблюдения требований при их установке;
— контроль того, что все экземпляры VirtualBox относятся к последней версии, и к нем применены последние обновления безопасности.

How to Use VirtualBox: Quick Overview

When using a traditional you need to install the operating system on a physical machine for evaluating software that cannot be installed on your current operating system. Oracle VirtualBox is what you need in this case, instead of reinstalling software on your physical machine. VirtualBox is designed to run virtual machines on your physical machine without reinstalling your OS that is running on a physical machine. One more VirtualBox advantage is that this product can be installed for free.

A virtual machine (VM) works much like a physical one. An OS and applications installed inside a VM “think” that they are running on a regular physical machine since emulated hardware is used for running VMs on VirtualBox. Virtual machines are isolated from each other and from the host operating system. Thus, you can perform your tests in isolated virtual machines without any concerns of damaging your host operating system or other virtual machines.

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Operating Systems Supported by VirtualBox

VirtualBox supports a long list of host and guest operating systems. A host OS is the operating system installed on a physical machine, on which VirtualBox is installed. A guest OS is an operating system installed on a virtual machine running inside VirtualBox. VirtualBox can be installed on Windows, Linux, macOS, Solaris, and FreeBSD. On VirtualBox you can run VMs with Windows, Linux, macOS, Solaris, FreeBSD, Novell Netware, and other operating systems.

How to Set Up VirtualBox?

Let’s explore how to set up VirtualBox on Windows. The process of VirtualBox installation is not difficult and is similar for all supported operating systems.

Enable CPU virtualization features

First, you need to enable hardware virtualization features on your CPU (Central Processor Unit) such as Intel VT-X or AMD-V in UEFI/BIOS of your physical computer. Otherwise, if you run 64-bit guest operating systems, you can get the error: VT-x is not available. If Hyper-V is installed on your Windows machine, uninstall Hyper-V before installing VirtualBox (otherwise Hyper-V will block hardware virtualization extensions needed by VirtualBox to run VMs). The majority of modern processors support hardware virtualization.

Download the VirtualBox installer

Go to the official web site to download the VirtualBox installer for your operating system (Windows in this case). If you are looking for how to set up VirtualBox on mac, download the OS X installer. At the moment of writing this blog post, the latest VirtualBox version is 6.0.8. You can also download older versions, for example, version 5.2. VirtualBox 5.2 supports 32-bit hosts while VirtualBox 6.0 doesn’t. In the current example, you can see how to set up VirtualBox on an example of VirtualBox 5.2. In the next blog post, the VirtualBox upgrade process will be explained.

How to setup VirtualBox – downloading the VirtualBox installer

Run the installer and define the installation options

  1. Run the VirtualBox installer. The installation wizard that has a GUI (graphical user interface) should appear.
  2. Select the manner in which you want features to be installed, clicking on the installation directory and installed components—you can leave the default values. Then tick the checkboxes near shortcut options and file associations.
  3. Confirm installation of VirtualBox network interfaces (click Yes).
  4. On the Ready to Install Screen, hit Install to start the installation process.
  5. After finishing installation, you can tick the checkbox for starting VirtualBox after installation.

Deploying a New VM

Once you have installed VirtualBox, open the application. You can see the graphical user interface of VirtualBox which is unified for all supported host operating systems. You can also use the command line interface and VBoxManage if needed. In the current example VirtualBox is set up on Windows 10. Imagine that you need to evaluate Windows Server 2019 before making a decision – to buy or not to buy. Let’s look at how to use VirtualBox for running Windows Server 2019 on a virtual machine.

Download the ISO image of Windows Server 2019 installer from the Microsoft’s site. Rename the downloaded ISO file to WinServer2019.iso for more convenience.

Creating a Virtual Machine

Click Machine > New or hit the icon with the blue star to create a new virtual machine in VirtualBox GUI.

How to setup VirtualBox – Creating a new VM

Define the new VM options.

Type: Microsoft Windows.

Version: Windows 2016 (64-bit). This parameter defines the reasonable default amount of virtual memory, virtual disk size; a set of emulated hardware (devices that are supported by the selected OS version, drivers for which are included); as well as a set of system features such as EFI, PAE (physical address extension), I/O APIC (input/output advanced programmable interrupt controllers). If you are using the latest version of VirtualBox, Windows 2019 is available in the list of OS versions.

Memory size: Set memory for the VM. 8 GB of RAM should be enough for Windows Server 2019 for the beginning. You can add more memory later, after installing the guest OS (a VM must be powered off to change the amount of memory).

Hard Disk: Create a virtual hard disk now.

Click the Create button.

How to use VirtualBox on Windows 10 – Creating and configuring a new VM

Creating a Virtual Hard Disk

Set the following parameters:

The name and file location for the virtual disk. Try not to use a system partition for storing virtual disks if possible.

The file size of the virtual disk. Select 50 GB for Windows Server 2019.

Hard disk file type. VirtualBox supports a lot of virtual disk formats:

  • VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image) is a native VirtualBox format. Select this virtual disk type if you don’t plan to migrate a VM to other platforms such as VMware of Hyper-V.
  • VHD (Virtual Hard Disk) is a Hyper-V format.
  • VMDK (Virtual Machine Disk) is the VMware virtual disk format.
  • HDD is the Parallels Hard Disk.
  • QCOW (QEMU Copy-On-Write).
  • QED (QEMU enhanced disk).

Let’s select VDI in the current example.

Storage on physical hard disk: Dynamically allocated or fixed size (the analog of thin and thick provisioning in VMware). Select the dynamically allocated option if you want to save disk space, as in this case, the size of your virtual disk is near zero right after creation, and grows after writing data to the virtual disk before reaching the maximum allocated size.

Click Create to finish VM creation.

Virtual machine Tuning. Tune your virtual machine by going to Machine > Settings. The following sections are in this window.

General. You can edit the VM name, enable shared clipboard, drag & drop, write the VM description, and enable virtual disk encryption.

System. Disable a virtual floppy drive in the Motherboard tab. In the System tab, you can add more processors for the VM, configure acceleration, and select one of the two emulated chipsets.

How to use VirtualBox – Configuring VM settings.

Display. In the Screen tab, it is possible to set the video memory, monitor count, and scale factor as well as enabling 2D and 3D acceleration. The Remote Display tab allows you to manage your guest OS by connecting to the VirtualBox VM desktop remotely with RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol). Capturing video is configured in the Video Capture tab.

Storage. Add and remove virtual hard disks, virtual DVD drives, and disk controllers if needed. Select your DVD drive (it should be empty until this moment) and insert the virtual ISO DVD disc into the drive. Click the disc icon and select “Choose virtual optical disc file.” Browse your WinServer2019.iso file and open it. Now your ISO disc is displayed in the list of storage devices.

Audio. Audio can be enabled or disabled; the host audio driver, audio controller and extended features can be selected.

Network. Virtual network adapters are configured in this section. The maximum number of virtual network adapters per VM is four. A virtual network adapter can use a variety of different network modes: Not attached, NAT, NAT Network, Bridged Adapter, Internal Network, Host-only Adapter, Generic Driver, among which the NAT network mode is used by default.

When the NAT mode is selected, your VM is connected to the virtual router and can access the host, the network to which the host is connected and external networks that can be accessed by the host. If you deploy a single VM, which is not needed to be seen as a regular machine in your physical network, you can select the NAT mode for VM networking. If you want your VM to be fully representative in your physical network, use the Bridged mode.

The model of the emulated virtual network adapter is selected from the drop-down menu. You may set the MAC address manually if necessary. Configure Port Forwarding for accessing VMs that use the NAT network mode from the physical network your host machine is connected to (if necessary). If you use the bridged networking, you don’t need to configure port forwarding.

Serial Ports. Enable Serial ports if for some particular reason you need COM ports to be enabled on a VM.

USB. USB options for a VM are configured in this section.

Shared Folders. Shared folders are used for file exchange between host OS and guest OS.

User interface. Customize the elements of GUI if you wish.

Click OK to apply the edited VM configuration.

Installing a guest OS

Now you can start the VM. Hit Machine > Start > Normal Start.

Normal Start. Opens a VM window and displays the video output of the VM in that window similarly as the output of the physical machine is displayed on a monitor. When you close the VM window, VirtualBox asks you what to do:

  • Save the machine state. The VM is hibernated (a VM is on pause). Start the VM to continue VM operation from the saved state.
  • Send the shutdown signal. The VM is shutting down correctly, similarly as you would shut down the machine from the operating system.
  • Power Off the machine. This option is the equivalent of unplugging the power cable from the physical computer.

Headless Start. A VM is started, but the Window with the video output of the VM is not appeared. You can connect to the VM for managing it by using a remote desktop protocol (including VRDP – VirtualBox Remote Display Protocol that is backward compatible with Microsoft RDP), SSH etc.

Detachable start. This is the combination of the normal start and headless start. When you close the VirtualBox VM window, one more option is available – Continue running in the background. You can close the VirtualBox VM window without interrupting the VM.

How to use VirtualBox – Starting a virtual machine.

The OS installer is now booting from the ISO image inserted to a virtual DVD drive. This process is displayed in the new VirtualBox VM window. If you know how to set up Windows 10 on VirtualBox, or on a physical machine, the installation process of Windows Server 2019 in a GUI mode shouldn’t cause any problems.

Select suitable options for the Windows installation wizard:

  • Windows Server 2019 Datacenter Evaluation (Desktop experience).
  • Custom: Install Windows only (advanced).

Create a new partition (or partitions) on your 50-GB virtual hard disk.

How to use VirtualBox – Installing a guest OS on a new VM.

The VM automatically restarts a few times during Windows Server 2019 installation.

Set the Windows administrator password to finish Windows Server 2019 setup on VirtualBox.

After loading, Windows asks you to press Ctrl+Alt+Delete to unlock. Click Input > Keyboard > Insert Ctrl+Alt+Del in the VirtualBox VM window.

How to use VirtualBox – Pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del in the Guest OS.

Once you have logged in your Windows system, install VirtualBox Guest Additions. Guest Additions are a set of drivers and system utilities for supported guest operating systems that optimize the guest OS performance and usability, in addition to providing closer interaction between host and guest operating systems. Features such as mouse pointer integration, enhanced video mode support, shared folders, shared clipboard, and time synchronization can be enabled after installing VirtualBox Guest Additions on a guest OS. The ISO file with Guest Additions is located in the VirtualBox installation directory.

In the VirtualBox VM window, click Devices > Insert Guest Additions CD image. The virtual ISO disc is now inserted to the virtual DVD drive of your Windows VM.

How to use VirtualBox – Installing Guest Additions

Open the contents of the disc and run the VBoxWindowsAdditions-amd64.exe file. After the installation wizard opens, follow the tips of the wizard recommendations, clicking Next on each step to continue. In the end of installation, reboot the virtual machine.

How to use VirtualBox on Windows 10 – Running Guest additions setup.

Shared Folders and Clipboard

In order to configure shared folders, go to Machine > Settings and select the Shared Folders section. Hit the Add Share icon (a folder with a green plus), then enter the path of the folder you want shared on your host machine, and define the folder name. You can make a shared folder read-only and enable auto mount. In the current example, C:\Virtual\VirtualBox\shared_folder01 is used as a shared folder and the auto-mount option is enabled. Hit OK twice to apply changes.

How to use VirtualBox – configuring shared folders.

Power on the VM on which Windows Server 2019 has been installed. Open File Explorer, in the Network section select VBOXSVR, after which you can see the recently created shared folder whose network path is \\VBOXSVR\shared_folder01. For more convenience, right click the shared folder and in the context menu, select Map network drive to mount . Select any free letter, for example Z: to finish.

How to use VirtualBox – using shared folders.

Now the shared folder is shown as a disk Z: in your list of disks in This PC (My Computer). If you enabled the auto-mount option when configuring a shared folder, you don’t need to map a network drive manually, as it has already been mounted automatically (the first free disk letter is used for the disk mapping in this case). Now your shared folder is ready to copy files between the host and guest operating systems.

Shared Clipboard is a useful feature that allows you to copy a fragment of text, image, multiple files etc. on a guest OS and paste these items on a host OS (and vice versa), much as you can do inside your host OS between multiple applications.

Drag & Drop allows you to copy files and folders from guest OS windows to host OS windows (and inversely), much like you can do between two windows of Windows File Explorer.

In order to enable Shared Clipboard and Drag & Drop in VirtualBox, open VM settings, and in the General section, go to the Advanced tab. Select the Bidirectional option for shared clipboard and Drag & Drop features.

How to use VirtualBox – Shared Clipboard and Drug n Drop

Making a VM Copy

One of the advantages of VMs is the ease of copying virtual machines and making machine clones. You can clone a VM by using built-in VirtualBox options and manually.

Go to Machine > Clone for using a built-in cloning tool.

Select the Expert mode.

Enter the new machine name (by default the “clone” word is appended to the original VM name). Choose the clone type (full clone or linked clone), snapshot options (current machine state or everything). In the case of VM cloning, unique identifiers of the operating system and virtual disks are changed.

If you select Full clone, a full copy of the source VM (including all virtual disk files) is created. All VM files are copied independently to the destination folder. A source VM is not needed for VM-clone operating.

If the Linked clone option is selected, all files of the source VM are not copied. A new VM is created, a snapshot of the parent virtual disk of the source VM is taken for creating differencing disks.

How to use VirtualBox for VM cloning

Reinitialize the MAC address of all network cards. Select this option if the MAC address on a source VM and VM clone must be different (for preventing network conflicts).

Copying a VM folder with all VM files can be considered manual backup of the virtual machine. Unique identifiers and other VM components remain the same, as the VM copy is an exact copy of a source VM. You can open a folder of the virtual machine by clicking Machine > Show in folder in the main VirtualBox window.

Using Snapshots

Snapshots allow you to save the working state of a VM and roll back to that state later after changes have been made in a VM. Using snapshots is recommended for testing, for example, when you need to install some applications and see how they work without any risk of harming the entire system. If applications work incorrectly or you need to try another version of software, just revert the VM state by using a snapshot that has been already created. This approach is convenient and helps you save a lot of time. Using snapshots is not, however, equal to making backups.

How to use VirtualBox for taking VM snapshots? Select your VM, click Machine Tools and select Snapshots to open a section with snapshot options. Hit the Take icon to create a new snapshot, then enter a snapshot name and description.

How to use VirtualBox VM snapshots.

After taking a snapshot, a new differencing virtual disk will be created in the Snapshots subfolder of your VM folder. The file format is the same as for your original virtual disk (VDI in this case). All new changes made inside a VM after creating a snapshot are written to that differencing virtual disk. If you create a second snapshot, the second differencing virtual disk is created, and so on.

When you need to restore the virtual machine state from the snapshot, right click the snapshot name and in the context menu, select Restore. Check the box if you need to create a snapshot of the current virtual machine state. The VM must be in the powered off state. If the snapshot is not needed any more, it can be deleted.

When a snapshot located before the current VM state is being deleted, it is deleted by merging a differencing disk related to the snapshot with the parent virtual disk or differencing disk. If your current VM state is represented by a snapshot in the middle of the snapshot chain, deleting a snapshot in the end of the snapshot chain causes deletion of the differencing virtual disk file related to that snapshot without merging. Now you know how to set up VirtualBox, run and manage VMs as well as use VM snapshots.

Recording Video

This section tells you how to use VirtualBox for recording a video about everything that can be seen in the user interface of the virtual machine. When using physical machines, you cannot install software for recording a video of operating system installation, or console usage in the operating systems without GUI. VirtualBox helps you resolve this issue and has a built-in feature for video recording of everything you see in the virtual monitor (VirtualBox VM window).

In order to record a video, open Machine > Settings, go to the Video Capture tab, enable video capture and configure parameters of video recording (see the screenshot below).

How to use VirtualBox for recording video from VMs.


VirtualBox is a powerful virtualization solution that can be used for running distinct operating systems mentioned in a long list of supported OSs. You can set up VirtualBox on mac, Windows, Linux, Solaris and FreeBSD.

Use VirtualBox for running software developed for different operating systems on your single physical machine simultaneously without the need to install multiple operating systems on a physical machine, and reboot to change the OS. Use VirtualBox for testing deployments that require multiple machines which must interact via network – VirtualBox provides a high range of virtual networking modes.

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